Veterinary Care: Common Surgeries in Dogs

Veterinary Care: Common Surgeries in Dogs

Veterinary surgery is just one of the 22 veterinary specialties acknowledged in the United States, Canada, and Europe. Those wishing to become board-certified must undergo a one-year clinical internship and three years of intensive training in a residency program. Under the surgical specialization are subspecialties that cater to different areas.

Common Surgical Procedures

Sterilization Surgery

The most common sterilization methods for dogs are spaying (ovariohysterectomy) which takes out both the ovaries and uterus of female dogs, and neutering (castration), which includes removing the dog’s testicles. The sterilization procedure is one of the most common surgical treatments performed in vet facilities like an animal hospital Weldon Spring.

Surgical Oncology

The surgical procedure remains the most commonly performed treatment for veterinary cancer patients. Surgical oncology often causes long-term control of the disease, helping your dog live longer.

Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery usually needs a general anesthetic. In addition, a muscle relaxant is given to help the eye sit in the appropriate position during the operation. The cataract removal is called phacoemulsification.

Dental Surgery

Many factors why your dog may need veterinary dental surgery from Tender Care Animal Hospital facilities. Common dental treatments include removal of growths, repair of dental defects, repair of jaw fracture, and tumor removal. Dental health is critical for the general health of your dog.

Orthopedic Surgery

Veterinary orthopedic surgery pertains to any surgical procedures that repair broken bones, spines, joints, muscles, or torn ligaments. The primary objective of orthopedic surgery is to bring back the alignment of bones where they ought to be.

Cardiology Surgery

Canine cardiology surgery is the clinical field that treats a dog’s cardiovascular system. The objective is to resolve issues like valvular degeneration, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and congenital heart disease.

Veterinary Anesthesia

Anesthesia in animals resembles human anesthesia, yet there are some distinctions. Local anesthesia is used for wound closure and removal of tumors. General anesthesia is widely used in major surgical procedures.

Caring for Your Dog After a Surgery

Most of the post-op care for your dog will fall on your shoulder. These are some general safety measures, but you must always comply with the discharge instructions of your vet if there are discrepancies.

Immediate Post-op Care

Your dog will be monitored by experienced nurses and veterinary staff in the recovery room, ensuring all vital signs are within normal range. Your vet will notify you if your pet is ready to go home. In case of complications, your veterinarian will make the necessary post-operative plan. Before taking your dog home, understand every discharge instruction directly from the vet.

Post-op Home Care

Keeping your pet in a quiet area is ideal since rest is crucial for your dog’s recovery. Your veterinarian may recommend placing your dog in a crate for much of their recovery time. Do not leave a bone or a toy in the chest without supervision. During recovery, the only time you should allow your pet to go outside is for elimination purposes.

Your dog will need painkillers; these pain relievers may affect their coordination. Antibiotics help prevent the wound from getting an infection. Monitor surgical sites carefully for infection, swelling, bruising, or emitting a foul odor.

Follow-Up Schedule

Your pet will need to return for a follow-up. During this visit, the veterinarian will remove skin sutures or staples. Depending upon the case, other instructions may include an x-ray or other tests to ensure that your dog is healing properly.